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Faculty of Humanities

Our benefactors

The original bequests were made in Professor H M Hallsworth and the Rt Hon Lord and Lady Simon of Wythenshawe, of Didsbury in 1944.

The original bequests made in the early 1940s represent the largest endowment to the University and the investments are usually made to early career researchers; visiting appointments for external researchers, policy makers and practitioners and major conferences.

Ernest Simon, 1st Baron Simon of Wythenshawe (1879-1960)

Read more: Lord Simon in the Oxford Dictionary of Biography

Lady Shena Dorothy Simon (1883-1972)

Read more: Lady Simon in the Oxford Dictionary of Biography

Professor Harry Mainwaring Hallsworth CBE, MA, MCom, BSc (1876-1953)

Although having a career of academic and public service stretching over almost forty years, H M Hallsworth is little remembered today. His name appears, at best, as a footnote in any general assessment of British economic thought and policy in the early twentieth century.

Yet Hallsworth has exerted a lasting impact on British academic life (particularly for early career researchers) through the Hallsworth Research Fund. The primary feature of this bequest was the provision of Research Fellowships for advanced work in the field of Political Economy and Public Administration.

Who was H M Hallsworth?

  • Harry Mainwaring Hallsworth was born in Oldham on 11 December 1876, the third son of Harry Hallsworth and Jane Unwin.
  • A student at Owens College, he graduated with a BSc in the Faculty of Science in 1901, and over the next six years was employed as Assistant Master at Westoe Secondary School in South Shields (1901–1902) and Senior Science Master at the Municipal Secondary School in Brighton (1902–1907).
  • He returned to study at the University of Manchester in 1907, forming a close association with Sydney Chapman, Professor of Political Economy in the Faculty of Commerce.

During the winter of 1908, Chapman and Hallsworth undertook an investigation into the specialised commercial character of Lancashire, focusing particularly on the causes and extent of unemployment in the regions large and complex industries. The results of this research was published in a series of articles in the Manchester Guardian and, in 1909, as a short volume, entitled simply, Unemployment. This book, produced before he had received his Masters, and based on a series of co-edited newspaper articles, remained Hallsworth’s primary publication throughout his academic career.

In the summer of 1909, Hallsworth was awarded both his Masters and the University’s Jevon’s studentship for the promotion of economic science. The next twelve months saw him undertake, as part of his studentship, research based around the shift system in Lancashire industries, as well as delivering tutorial classes on nineteenth century industrial history as part of the University’s Extension Scheme, serving as President of the Student’s Representative Council, and working as an assistant lecturer in Economics at the University.

In the summer of 1910, Hallsworth left Manchester to take up the G B Hunter lectureship in commercial and industrial economics at Armstrong College, Newcastle-on-Tyne (University of Durham). In 1912, at a special meeting of the Council of Armstrong College, Hallsworth, at the age of 35, was appointed the First Sir David Dale Professor of Economics. He was to hold this post for the next 22 years.

Initially gazetted as second-lieutenant of the Durham University Contingent of the Officers’ Training Corps following the outbreak of the Great War, Hallsworth rose to the rank of Acting Major in the Royal Engineers, before being transferred to serve as Deputy Assistant Director of the Docks, and later as a staff member of the Inspector General of Transportation.

He resumed his work at Armstrong College following demobilisation, and devoted his energies throughout the 1920s to teaching, organising and developing the Department of Economics, and bringing the Faculty of Commerce into close contact with the industrial and commercial life of the local community. Following Hallsworth’s death, John P. Ward, a student at Armstrong College in the mid-1920s, provided the following account of Hallsworth’s vigorous lecturing style:

"I remember, as if it were yesterday, his tallish, spare and commanding figure, robed in a faded and somewhat disreputable academic gown, moving with restless energy backwards and forwards across the classroom floor. His perception was sharp, his explanations vivid and down-to-earth... But instruction did not end in the classroom; part of his private time was available to the students, and on a number of occasions I visited him at home in Jesmond and discussed many problems in economics."

The Times, 27 August 1953

Activities during the early 1930s saw Hallsworth appointed as chairman of the Newcastle Local Employment Committee, and in 1931, at the request of the Board of Trade, he served as director of the Industrial Survey of the North-East Coast Area. This same yet saw him awarded the CBE (Order of the British Empire, Commander of the Civil Division) in the King’s Birthday Honours List.

His resignation from Armstrong College in the summer of 1934 followed his appointment, by the National Government, to the newly established Unemployment Assistance Board. He served as a member of the Unemployment Assistance Board, later renamed the National Assistance Board, from 1934 until his retirement in 1949.

Beyond his administrative work for the Board, Hallsworth served, from 1945 until 1952, as county commissioner for Huntingdonshire of the Boy Scouts Association.

He lived in Chesneys, St. Ives in Huntingdonshire, and died at Addenbrookes Hospital in Cambridge on 22 August 1953 aged 76.

About the funds

Find out more about eligibility and how to apply: