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Abbreviations and Symbols

abbreviations and symbols
  • bc because
  • c. or ca. circa, about c.1800
  • C19 nineteenth century
  • cd could
  • cf. compare this with...
  • Ch. Chapter
  • ct. contrast
  • devt development
  • edn edition
  • Educ. Education
  • e.g. for example
  • esp. especially
  • etc. and the rest
  • Govt Government
  • i.e. that is to say, that means
  • impt important
  • info. information
  • NB important, notice this (stands for "Nota bene" or "note well" in Latin)
  • p. page
  • para. paragraph
  • poss. possible / possibly
  • prob. problem
  • vs versus, against
  • w/ with
  • wd would
  • w/o without
  • \ therefore
  • & and
  • + plus, in addition to
  • > greater/better/more than
  • < less than/smaller
  • = is the same as